Courses

Highlights 

  • Access to 800 CT/MRI’s  per day
  • Rotation through major radiology subspecialties
  • Mentoring from subspeciality Leads through subspeciality draft-validate reporting, film-reading sessions, clinical case discussion.
  • Run by a family of 7 Radiologists.
  • India ‘s largest integrated scans and blood testing centre

 

Diploma in Radio Diagnosis – DMRD (NBE)

  • Qualification: MBBS (Selection through NEET Exam and Counselling)
  • Number of seats: 3
  • Course Duration: 2 Years
  • Course Fee: 1,47,500
  • Stipend: 1st Year - 45000/- 2nd Year - 47000/-
  • Training timings: 8.00 AM to 6.00PM
  • Location: Kovilpatti
  • Attendance requirement: 90%
Last date for submitting Application Entrance test and interview Course commences on
- - -
Email: aarthi@aarthiscans.com

Contact:
Dr. Aarthi Govindarajan
Chief Radiologist & Director
aarthi@aarthiscans.com | 9940022447

Introduction

  • This Course is Aimed at imparting training in both conventional radiology and modern
    imaging techniques so that the candidate is fully competent to practice,
    teach and do research in the broad discipline of radiology including
    ultrasound, Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
    Candidate should be well versed with medical ethics and consumer
    protection act and the Prenatal Diagnostic Technique (PNDT) Act.
  • To make them understand & implement the knowledge regarding the role
    of various imaging modalities, helpful in the management of different
    clinical conditions. At the end of his/her training, he/she should be capable
    to take up a career in teaching institution or in diagnostic center or in
    research.
  • Etiology, patho-physiology, and principles of diagnosis and management
    of common problems including emergencies, in adults and children.

Responsibilities

  • Recognize conditions that may be outside the area of
    specialty/competence and to refer them to a proper specialist or ask for
    help
  • Update oneself by self-study and by attending courses, seminars, conferences and workshop which are relevant to the field of radioDiagnosis.
  • Carry out guided research with the aim of publishing his/her work and presenting work at various scientific fora.
  • Take a proper clinical history, examine the patient, perform essential diagnostic/interventional procedures and interpret the results to come to a reasonable diagnosis or differential diagnosis in the condition.
  • Provide basic life saving support service in emergency situations.
  • Undertake complete patient monitoring including the care of the patient.
  • Independently conduct and interpreted all routine and special radiological and imaging investigations
  • Interact with other specialists for the maximum patient benefit
  • Undertake further specialization in field of Radiology
  • To conduct teaching program for undergraduate and paramedical and technical staff
  • Adopt ethical principles in all aspects of his/her practice. Professional honesty and integrity to be fostered.
  • Develop communication skills in order to explain the various options available in management and to obtain a true informed consent from the patient.
  • Be humble and accept the limitations of his knowledge and skills and to ask for help from colleagues/ seniors when needed.
  • Respect patient rights and privileges including patient’s right to information and right to seek a second opinion.
  • Organize CMES and workshops utilizing modern methods of teaching and evaluation

Syllabus

Physics related to Radio diagnosis

  • Introduction to general properties of radiation and matter. Fundamental of nuclear physics and radioactivity.
  • Production of x-ray
  • X-ray generating apparatus
  • Interaction of x-rays and gamma rays with matter and their effects on irradiated materials.
  • Measurement of x and gamma rays
  • Interaction of x-rays with the patients
  • Radiographic image
  • The image receptor
  • Contrast media.
  • Radiation protection & Radiation hazard
  • Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and Radiology Information system
  • Image quality and quality assurance
  • Radionuclide imaging (gamma camera, spect. PET)
  • Computed tomography
  • Principles of diagnostic ultrasound and Doppler
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

Radiography and Processing techniques

  • Dark room technique
  • Radiography of the extremities
  • Radiography of the spine, abdomen, pelvic girdle and thorax
  • Radiography of the skull
  • Contrast techniques of GI tract, biliary tract, GU tract
  • Contrast techniques of C.N. system
  • Contrast techniques of the cardio vascular system including chest
  • Miniature radiography, macro radiography & magnification techniques
  • Pediatric Radiography
  • Dental, portable, and emergency radiography
  • Contrast & contrast reactions
  • Quality Assurance Anatomy
  • Gross and cross-sectional anatomy of all the body systems. 9 Pathology
  • Gross morphology of pathologies condition of systemic disease.

RADIODIAGNOSIS –COURSE CONTENTS

Various diseases involving the following systems-

  • Musculoskeletal System
  • Respiratory System
  • Cardio-vascular system
  • Gastro-intestinal tract including Hepatobiliary system
  • Urogenital tract.
  • C.N.S. including spine
  • Radiology of obstetric and Gynecology
  • E.N.T, EYES, Teeth, soft tissue, Breast.
  • Endocrinal Glands
  • Clinical applied radionuclide imaging.
  • PAC’S, digital radiography and other recent advances, molecular and Functional imaging.
  • Emergency radiology and trauma
  • Interventional Radiology related to different system of the body.
  • Radiation Physics.

Contrast Agents:-

Contrast media, their type, formulation, mechanisms of action, dose schedule, routes of administration, adverse reactions and their management and recent development.

THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

  • The normal chest, methods of investigations, techniques, interpreting chestradiograph and disease differential diagnosis. The mediastinum, chest wall, pleura and diaphragm; Diseases of airways: collapse and consolidation; pulmonary infections ; pulmonary neoplasm’s;
  • Diffuse lung diseases; occupational lung disease; chest trauma, pulmonary thromboembolism; chest in critical care patients, interventional techniques ; chest in neonates, and pediatric chest radiology.

THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM:

  • Goal is to provide experience in the role of imaging in cardiovascular diseases by different techniques including cardiac cathaterization and cardiac angiography, Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and interventional procedures in non cardiac arterial and venous diseases
  • Diseases and disorders of cardiovascular system including congenital conditions and the role of imaging by conventional, ultrasound, Echo, color-Doppler, CT, MRI, angiography (including DSA) and radionuclide studies. It also includes interventional procedures e.g; balloon angioplaty, embolization etc.
  • Understand the anatomy and common pathology of congenital and acquired cardiac conditions.
  • Correlate plain film findings of common congenital abnormalities with those shown by angiography and explain the pathophysiology including abnormal pressure measurements.
  • Correlate plain film findings and the echocardiographic studies of patients with acquired valvular diseases and other common pathologic conditions including pericardial pathology.
  • Understand the role of newer modalities like CT/MRI, in aortic diseases e.g., aorto- arteritis, aortic dissection and aortic aneurysm.
  • Should be able to perform fluoroscopy on patients before and after valve replacement and identify those with complications after valve replacement.
  • Understand the principle and logic behind various interventional procedures carried out in the cardiovascular labs e.g; PTCA, balloon dilatation of valvular lesions, septostomy etc.
  • The normal heart: anatomy and techniques of examination.
  • Acquired heart disease
  • Techniques: the chest radiograph, non-invasive imaging echocardiography, nuclear imaging, CT, MRI. Invasive imaging and interventional techniques
  • Congenital heart disease, ischemic heart disease, radiology of pulmonary circulation, cardio my apathies and tumors, pericardial disease cardiac transplant surgery; role of Radiology in cardiac prostheses and 11 pacemakers, Arteriography and interventional angiographic techniques,Phlebography

THE ABDOMEN AND GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

  • Basic anatomy and physiology in clinical practice relevant to imaging examinations of the gastrointestinal tract, hepatobiliary tract, pancreas
  • Clinical significance of pathology associated with clinical presentation and link with likely diagnoses
  • Construction of appropriate imaging pathway and protocol considering different pathologies and management options and according to available resource and case complexities
  • Common surgical procedures, expected post-operative imaging appearances and common complications
  • Understand indications, contraindications and limitations of relevant specialized barium/contrast imaging examinations of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tract
  • Role of plain films in modern era imaging of GIT
  • Conventional examination of GIT using barium and water soluble contrast media- esophagus, upper gastrointestinal study, follow through for small bowel (including small bowel enteroclysis)and enema (both conventional and double contrast) for colon.
  • Other investigations done using fluoroscopic guidance – fistulogram, sinogram, t-tube cholangiography, sialography etc.
  • Examination of liver, biliary system and pancreas using all the imaging modalities available to a radiologist including specialized investigations like ERCP, PTC and interventional procedures like abscess drainage, percutaneous trans hepatic biliary drainage (PTBD, internal and external), tumor embolization, radiofrequency(RFA) ablation etc.
  • Indications and limitations of ultrasound, CT and MR
  • Understand indications, limitations and contraindications of various interventional radiology techniques
  • Diseases and disorders of GIT, omentum, peritoneum and mesentery. Diseases and disorders of hepato-biliary-pancreatic system. Conventional and other imaging methods like US, CT, MRI, DSA and isotope studies pertaining to these systems.
  • The Abdomen : Normal appearance, abdominal calcification, acute abdomen, pneumperitoneum, post operative abdomen, Intraperitoneal fluid, inflammatory conditions, intraabdominal abscesses, intramural gas and other conditions.
  • The Esophagus-anatomy and normal appearances, radiological investigation like barium, usg, including endovascular, CT, MRI. diseaseshiatus hernia, oesophagitis, neoplasm, esophageal Varices, associated dermatological conditions, trauma, esophageal web, motility disorders,eosophageal diverticulum, extrinsic esophageal compression, post operative changes, scintigraphy.
  • The Stomach – anatomy and normal appearances, radiological and imaging investigations, inflammatory diseases, tumors, structural and functional abnormalities, extrinsic masses, post operative stomach- USG, CT, MRI, examination, radionuclide studies.
  • The Duodenum and small bowel-anatomy and normal appearances, radiological investigations ( Barium meal follow through, enteroclysis, CT,MRI, with CT/MRI enteroclysis, virtual endoscopy). diseasesneoplasms, infections, and infestations, radiation enteritis, mechanical small bowel intestinal obstruction, ischemia, intramural hemorrhage, diverticulitis, and blind loop, neuromuscular disorders, malabsorption syndromes, immunological disorders, radionuclide studies of small bowel.
  • Large Bowel-Anatomy, colonic function, investigations like (Barium, CT, MRI, Colonography, virtual colonoscopy), diseases- tumors, diverticular diseases, colitis, miscellaneous conditions, appendicitis, Scintigraphic detection of bleeding, Abdominal imaging-
  • Liver: gross anatomy, plain film diagnosis, investigations like USG, CT, MRI, MRCP, PTC, ERCP, T-tube cholangiography, vascular studies, hepatobiliary interventions., portal hypertension, focal masses, diffuse liver disease, inflammatory disease of liver, gall bladder and biliary diseases, gall bladder masses, radiology in liver transplantation. Radiology of spleen pancreas, peritoneum and mesentery, Pancreas; embryology, radiological 13 anatomy, techniques of examination, radiological diagnosis and interventional treatment.
  • GI manifestation of AIDS; Radiological evaluation, techniques, lesions, oesophagitis, lesions involving stomach, small bowel, colon, biliary tract,
  • ymphadenopathy.
  • GI angiography – general considerations, celiac and hepatic, pancreatic, SMA & IMA angiography, GI bleeding, angiography in portal hypertension, PTA and mesenteric ischemia.
  • Newborn and young infant: lesions causing obstruction, atresia, gastric, antral or pyloric atresia, small bowel atresia, anal atresia and imperforate anus, anomalies of rotation and mid gut volvulus, enteric duplication, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, gastro esophageal reflux and hiatus hernia, Hirschsprung’s disease, colonic immaturity, neonatal small left colon syndrome, meconeum plug syndrome, meconium ileus, intussusceptions, necrotizing enterocolits
  • Role of Imaging in Fetal Medicine
  • Acute abdomen – investigations and interpretations with abdominal trauma imaging
  • Radiology of Post-operative abdomen and organ transplantation (Liver, Pancreas, etc.)
  • Ischemic conditions of Bowel and Mesentery and role of arteriography and Doppler study
  • Upper and lower GI bleeding and GI radiological investigations including scintigraphy
  • GI manifestation of AIDS; Radiological evaluation, techniques, lesions, esophagitis, lesions involving stomach, small bowel, colon, biliary tract, lymphadenopathy

ENDOCRINE DISEASE

  • Introduction, Pathophysiology, radiological techniques, hypothalamus, pineal, pituitary, thyroid, para thyroid, thymus, pancreas, GI tumors, adrenal, female reproductive system, male reproductive system

GENITO-URINARY SYSTEM –

  • Applied anatomy to interpret uro-gynaecological imaging
  • Clinical significance of pathology associated with presentation and link with likely diagnoses
  • Knowledge of local/regional guidelines in relation to clinical presentation
  • Various diseases and disorders of genito-urinary system including congenital,inflammatory, infectious, traumatic, neoplastic, calculus disease and miscellaneous conditions.
  • Performance, direction and interpretation of the conventional radiological examinations of the urinary tract including: intravenous urography; cystograms, micturating cystourethrography (MCU), hysterosalpingography (HSG) and retrograde urethrography (RGU).
  • Diagnostic imaging modalities and procedures which are used to evaluate urinary tract pathology i.e. Ultrasound, CT, MRI, angiography, as well as various interventional procedures like percutaneous nephrostomy, radio frequency ablation (RFA), kidney biopsy, stent placement, antegrade pyelography, tumor embolization etc.
  • Emergency conditions involving the urinary tract including trauma, infection, vascular compromise and obstruction.
  • Evaluation of renal mass lesions and the evaluation of other urinary tract neoplasms, including the detection and staging of the tumor.
  • Recognition of the difference between the pattern of diseases affecting the genitourinary tract of adults and that of children and understand and identify the common conditions affecting the pediatric genito-urinary system on imaging.
  • Evaluation of renal failure & post-transplant kidney.
  • Miscellaneous including cystic disease of kidney, nephrocalcinosis, lower urinary tract obstruction/infection and post-operative problems, male infertility imaging and interventions and trauma of genito-urinary tract
  • Interventional Uroradiology – Percutaneous nephrostomy, renal cyst puncture, FNAC and ureteric stenting. 15
  • The female reproductive system: ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology, antenatal ultrasound including TIFFA, NT/NB , obstetric doppler evaluation , imaging in gynecology, MRI of female pelvis, radiological techniques in obstetrics and gynecology, congenital anomalies of female genital tract, inflammatory diseases, tumors of pelvis.
  • Imaging in infertility with detailed knowledge of HSG
  • Methods of investigation – plain films, IVU, MCU, ultrasound, CT scanning, MRI, MR-angiography, antegrade pyelography, retrograde pyelography, cavernosography, radionuclide imaging. Nuclear medicine in genitourinary tract, clearance techniques, dynamic renal scan, static renal scan, V-U reflux, role of radionuclide scanning in renal infections, Urodynamics, lower urinary tract studies, applications in bladder instability, urinary incontinence, outflow obstruction, neurogenic bladder, & upper urinary tract, disease.
  • Renal parenchymal disease; anatomy, normal appearances, differential diagnosis, renal infections. Renal masses: modalities available for diagnosis, non-neoplastic renal masses, neoplastic renal masses – benign and malignant, calculus disease and urothelial lesions, nephrocalcinosis, other lesions, staging of upper urinary tract tumors, staging of balder tumors.
  • Urinary obstruction: Pathophysiology, diagnosis by different modalities, non obstructive dilatation, causes of obstruction, urinary bladder; normal anatomy, radiological evaluation, pathologies, prostate: Normal anatomy, radiological investigations, congenital processes, infection, calculi, tumors, BHP, carcinoma. Reno vascular hypertension, renal arteriogrpahy, Reno vascular disorders, Reno vascular HT – etiology, management, investigative strategy, identification of renal artery stenosis, significance of renal artery stenosis, radiological treatment of Reno vascular hypertension, PTA, embolization in Reno vascular HT. Injuries to urinary tract-kidney, ureter, bladder and urethra classification of renal injuries, principles of management, evaluation, imaging, modalities, radiological findings, complications. Renal failure and transplantation; renal size and collecting system dilatation, diagnosis of causes of failure, transplant – investigation of donor, IVU, vascular studies, radionuclide imaging, evaluation of recipient, surgical techniques, transplant kidney – radionuclide imaging, ultrasound, angiography, CT, MRI and complications of transplantation.
  • Paediatic uroradiolgoy: introduction, techniques, embryology, congenital anomalies, neonatal conditions, infections and V-U reflux, hypertension in a child, renal tumors in childhood.

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

  • Skeletal Trauma: General conditions, spine: cervical, thoracolumbar, pelvis and acetabulum, appendicular skeleton. General classification of bone lesions, benign tumors & cysts of bone, giant cell tumors, tumors of fibrous origin, other tumors, tumor-like conditions synovial tumors, malignant bone tumors, metastatic lesions, primary malignant tumors,– chondral origin, osteoid origin, fibrous origin, marrow origin, notochord origin, synovial origin, other tumors.
  • Bone and joint infections: periostitis and osteomyelitis, chronic osteomyelitis, bone, and joint infections, in neonates, infections arthritis, granulomatous arthritis, parasitic and fungal infections, viral disorders, sarcoidosis, diabetic osteopathy, infected prostheses.
  • Metabolic and endocrine diseases of the skeleton, anatomy, and physiology; increase and decrease in the bone density, generalized or localized; quantitative bone mineral analysis. Skeletal dysplasia’s; normal bone growth, disorders affecting growth plate, disorders affecting epiphysis and apophyses metaphyses, diaphyses, mucopolysaccharidoses, mucolipidoses, miscellaneous conditions including neurofibromatosis and Paget’s disease, chromosomal disorders; Craniovertebral instability, joint disorders, Pathophysiological concept and diagnostic approach Inflammatory (synovial) arthropathies, connective tissue disorders, crystal deposition arthropathies, degenerative joint arthropathies, degenerative disease of spine, arthrography, radiology of soft tissues; imaging techniques, focal lesions, calcification and ossification. Gas in soft tissue, soft tissues tumors; musculoskeletal system in children-development and nutrition; Congenital anomalies and bone Dysplasia, inflammatory neoplastic, traumatic, endocrine, metabolic and systemic skeletal disorders in children; radiology of child abuse;
  • Musculo Skeletal CT (computed tomography), techniques aspects of clinical applications; in trauma; musculoskeletal infections neoplasm’s and low-back pain syndromes, quantitative bone mineral analysis, uses in joint diseases, CT-based interventional techniques
  • Musculo skeletal MR (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), normal signals, bone marrow-reconversion, infiltration or, replacement, bone marrow edema, myeloid depletion, bone ischemia, bone tumor imaging, joint imaging; Radio-nuclide bone imaging: Technique, normal bone scan, specific applications. · Ultrasound in Musculoskeletal system for assessment of muscular, tendinous and ligamentous pathologies and joint.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM:

  • Methods of examination and diagnostic approach; cranial and intracranial pathologies, intracranial tumors- supra and infratentorial, pituitary tumors, intracranial infections, degenerative disorders, demyelinating disorders, cerebrovascular ischemia, intracranial vascular abnormalities, HIV infections- cerebral complications.
  • Spine: methods and diagnostic approach. Plain Radiography, CT, MRI, Myelography, spinal angiography. Radionuclide imaging of CNSRadiopharmaceutical and blood-brain barrier(BBB), scintigraphy, radionuclide arteriography, positron emission tomography(PET), receptor imaging, monoclonal body imaging, ultrasound of infant’s brain.

OPHTHALMOLOGY, ENT and FACE; maxillofacial and dental radiology

  • Orbits: anatomy and techniques, intraocular abnormalities, orbital pathology, orbital trauma, inflammatory disease, space-occupying lesions;
  • Nose and Paranasal sinuses, Ear-Anomalies or development, methods of investigation, HRCT temporal, anatomy and diseases, MRI for the inner ear, mouth, pharynx, and larynx, Para pharyngeal spaces. · Ocular ultrasound and its applications in detection of posterior segment diseases
  • Neck anatomy on various modalities and diseases and application of various imaging modalities like CT, MRI, and Isotope studies, PET, SPECT, etc
  • Neck spaces anatomy in relevance to the spread of various diseases across different spaces and compartments.
  • Diseases Involving larynx- congenital, infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic
  • Malignant & benign neoplastic diseases of head and neck region
  • MRI for inner ear, mouth, pharynx and larynx, Para pharyngeal spaces.
  • Maxillofacial pathology, fracture, benign lesions, malignant lesions, differential diagnosis of radiolucent and radio-opaque lesions, 18 abnormalities of growth and development, tempomandibular joint, salivary glands, soft tissue calcification, dental radiology, anatomy of teeth and supporting structure
  • Dental radiology, anatomy of teeth and supporting structure , Developmental anomalies, the eruption of teeth, dental carries, pulpuitis and periapical infection, periodontal disease, fracture of teeth and alveolar bone, resorption of teeth, Neck anatomy on various modalities and diseases.

Reticuloendothelial Disorders

  • Lymphoma-pathology and imaging, spleen- Imaging, interventional techniques
  • Imaging in oncology-General methods in oncological diagnosis, staging and follow-up, ovarian tumors, nonseminomatous germ cell tumor, colorectal cancers, lung cancer and others
  • Radiotherapy, treatment planning, interventional radiology-complication and treatment, radionuclide imaging in oncology, HIV infection and AIDS(Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), background, epidemiology, treatment pathogenesis, natural history diagnosis complication and treatment
  • Myeloproliferative disorders: red blood cell disorders, chronic hemolytic anemia’s, other anemia’s and bone marrow dyscrasias, white cell disorders, lymphoma, plasma cell disorders, reticulo- endothelial disorders, hemophilia and other bleeding disorders

Angiography –intervention and other techniques

  • Embolization, Percutaneous Transluminal angioplasty, regional arteriography, head and neck, thorax, abdomen, upper and lower extremity angiography, angiography for endocrinal glands.

Venography

  • Technique and complications, regional venography of head and neck, thorax and abdomen-SVC venography,IVC venography, Azygos and ascending lumbar venography, Mesenteric and portal venography, 19 gonadal venography, pelvic venography, venous sampling, interventional technique in venous system.

Vascular Imaging

  • Doppler Ultrasound, clinical applications, volumetric flow measurements, color-flow imaging, artifacts, error and pitfalls, power Doppler and endovascular ultrasound
  • Interventional radiology: informed consent, biopsy procedures
  • Percutaneous decompression, extraction and drainage
  • Image guided therapy
  • Interventional vascular techniques
  • Percutaneous techniques for vascular extractions impact on medicine and radiology

The Breast:

  • Understand anatomy and physiology of breast, changes with age and patterns of disease spread and principles of differentiation between normal breast, benign and malignant disease
  • Physics of image production and how it affects image quality with respect to mammography, ultrasound & breast MRI with indications for and determining optimal imaging examination
  • Clinical presentation, pathogenesis and basic principles of treatment of breast disease
  • Role of conventional and digital mammography in screening of breast cancer, benign and malignant lesions of the breast
  • Interpretation of mammograms
  • Understand basic principles underlying population screening and assessment of screen detected abnormalities
  • Breast ultrasound – discriminate cystic v solid mass; recognize typical features of benign and malignant masses; identify and discriminate between normal and abnormal axillary lymph nodes.
  • Image guided cyst aspiration, abscess drainage, fine needle aspiration and core biopsy under supervision, Vacuum assisted biopsy (VAB), stereotactic FNAC and biopsy, ductography.
  • BIRADS and New BIRADS system for lesion characterization and quality assurance
  • MRI breast with emphasis on use of volume MR with newer sequences in breast imaging like DWI & PWI
  • Breast tomosynthesis
  • Role of breast cancer screening and guidelines
  • The mammographic technique, equipment and quality control, indications for mammography, normal anatomy, benign conditions, carcinoma, calcifications, breast screening, lesion localization, breast ultrasound. Role of MRI, PET, thermography, Elastography, CT, Image guided interventions for diagnosis and therapy of breast lesions

Diagnostic Techniques and General Conditions-

  • Picture archiving and communication systems and digital radiology, intravascular iodinated contrast media, general principles of ultrasound, vascular ultrasound, recent developments in whole body Computed tomography, Basic principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, General Principles of Radionuclide imaging, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, functional imaging, medico-legal issues in diagnostic and interventional radiology, patient dosage and radiation protection in diagnostic imaging,cost-benefit.

Radiology Emergency Medicine

  • The student should be able to evaluate emergency radiographic examinations with reasonable accuracy and have a clear understanding of the protocol of imaging in emergency situations of different organ systems.

Diagnostic Techniques

General Radiology

The student should be able to evaluate conventional radiographs including radiographs on chest abdomen, pelvis, skull (including PNS+Orbit), spine, musculoskeleton and soft tissues. Student should be able to perform radiography of different body parts.

Ultrasound

The student should be able to perform and interpret all ultrasound studies. These studies include: abdomen, pelvis, small parts, neonatal head, breast, color duplex imaging (arterial and venous studies), obstetric/gynecology and intervention procedures using ultrasound guidance.

CT

  • Select CT protocol according to the clinical diagnosis.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the CT finding of the common pathological conditions.
  • Interpret conventional and modified body CT examinations like HRCT, dual/triple phase, Vertical CT etc.
  • Know limitations of CT in the diagnosis of certain diseases.
  • Perform CT guided simple interventions (under supervision) Angiography Should be able to perform (under supervision) and interpret routine angiographic procedures and vascular interventions. MRI
  • Select MRI protocol according to the clinical diagnosis
  • Knowledge of conventional and modified MRI examinations, including MRA, MRV, MRCP, MRS.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the MRI of the common pathological conditions.
  • Mammography and Breast Intervention

Interventional Radiology

The student should be able to perform (under supervision) simple interventional procedures of all the organ systems.

  • Vascular interventional radiologic procedures such as Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, stenting, embolization using various embolic material and arterial & venous thrombolysis.
  • Various non-vascular interventional procedures such as percutaneous nephrostomy, stenting, abscess drainage, PTC/PTBD, biliary stenting percutaneous US/CT guided biopsy, balloon dilatation of the esophagus etc
  • Regional arteriography of head and neck, thorax, abdomen, upper and lower extremities.
  • Venography; technique and complications, regional venography of head and neck, thorax and abdomen-SVC venography, IVC venography, Portal venography, gonadal venography, pelvic venography, venous sampling, interventional technique in venous system
  • Transarterial chemoembolization & Trans arterial radio embolization – indications, technique and complications
  • Doppler evaluation and endovascular management of varicose veins
  • Neurointerventions in stroke. Aneurysm , AVM, fistula
  • Bone biopsy
  • Radiofrequency ablation : indications, techniques and contraindications
  • Digital subtraction angiography: equipment, applications ,
  • Radiation protection during interventional procedures

RECENT ADVANCES IN RADIOLOGY

ONCOLOGIC RADIOLOGY

  • At the end of the rotation the resident should be able to interpret radiological investigations in patients with neoplastic diseases (both benign and malignant)
  • Understand pathology and patho-physiology of common neoplasms.
  • Learn the algorithmic approach to image these patients based on the suspected disease, its biological behavior and potential and limitations of various imaging modalities.
  • Perform appropriate investigation (both conventional and newer methods), interpret the results and reach at a reasonable diagnosis/ differential diagnosis based on the clinical and biochemical results.
  • Learn to communicate the results in a precise way in a written report to the concerned unit.

NUCLEAR MEDICINE

  • At the completion of this rotation the resident should be able to interpret common nuclear medicine examinations (including cardiac cases).
  • Student should be able to evaluate the examinations for completion and determine what further images (including non nuclear medicine) need to be done.
  • Student should have a good understanding of the physical and biological properties of the commonly used radiopharmceuticals and become familiar with safe handling of isotopes and basic radiation safety measures while dealing with isotopes.

Basic Competencies

  • Acquisition of practical competencies being the keystone of postgraduate medical education, postgraduate training is skill oriented
  • Learning in postgraduate program is essentially self directed and primarily emanating from clinical and academic work.
  • conducting and reporting of routine and special investigation in the area of posting under direct supervision, formal teaching session to be held on
    working days. These include seminars in physics and general radiology, journal clubs, case presentations; Interdepartmental meets, Film reading session.

Recommended list of Text books & Journals

Fellowship in Musculoskeletal Imaging

  • Qualification: MDRD / DNB / DMRD / DMRE
  • Number of seats: 4
  • Course Duration: 6 Months / 2 Years (Accredited by The Tamilnadu Dr.MGR Medical University)
  • Course Fee: Rs. 1,00,000 (Rupees one lakh only)
  • Stipend: Rs 50000 / per month
  • Training timings: 8.00 AM to 6.00 PM
  • Location: Chennai | Hyderabad | Bangalore | Madurai | Delhi | Kolkata | Trivandrum | Mumbai
  • Attendance requirement: 90%
Last date for submitting Application Entrance test and interview Course commences on
25th June 2022 - July 2022
Email: aarthi@aarthiscans.com

Contact:
Dr. Aarthi Govindarajan
Chief Radiologist & Director
aarthi@aarthiscans.com | 9940022447

The Fellow will have a rotation in the following areas:

  • MSK Radiographs
  • Musculoskeletal CT
  • Musculoskeletal MRI

Introduction

This is an intensive Six months course which involves musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal radiology participation in ultrasound, CT and fluoroscopy guided procedures as well as performing and interpreting musculoskeletal CT, MRI, ultrasound and radiographic studies. There is a 40% component of non-musculoskeletal imaging work which must also be done during this fellowship to keep in touch with routine diagnostic activities.

Responsibilities

  • Protocoling, monitoring and interpreting CT and MR imaging studies under senior faculty supervision.
  • Effectively communicating study results by timely signing of reports and appropriate direct communication to physicians.
  • Complete at least one original research project as principal author with the purpose of preparation of a manuscript suitable for publication in a peer-reviewed journal
  • Present academic work at local, national or international scientific meetings
  • Teach diagnostic radiology residents as well as residents from other clinical services and medical students

Syllabus

Knowledge and skills to be acquired by the students on completion of the Course:

The fellow will be equipped to independently Report X- ray ,CT and MRI of bone and joints

1.     Basics of musculoskeletal cross sectional imaging

Available cross-sectional imaging modalities and appropriate indications Anatomy of musculoskeletal tissues

2.     Imaging of pathology of joints

SHOULDER

  • Tendon tears, degeneration and dislocation Shoulder impingement
  • Rotator interval abnormalities Shoulder instability
  • SLAP
  • Arthritis

ELBOW

  • Fractures
  • Ligament injuries
  • Muscle and tendon injuries
  • Joint pathology
  • Nerve related pathologies

WRIST & HAND

  • Ligament & TFCC injury
  • Tendon Pathology
  • Carpal tunnel & nerve related
  • Osseous abnormalities & Instability Impaction syndromes
  • Occult Fractures.
  • Physal Injuries.
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Congenital Osseous Lesions.
  • Arthritis

HIP

  • Fractures
  • Vascular Abnormalities of Bone Osteonecrosis (Avascular Necrosis)
  • Idiopathic Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip (Transient Painful Bone Marrow Edema)
  • Evulsion injuries
  • Muscle, tendon & ligament pathologies
  • Labral injuries
  • Impingement syndromes
  • Sciatic Nerve pathologies

KNEE

  • Fractures
  • Meniscal & Ligament pathologies
  • Posteromedial & Posterolateral corner injuries
  • Evulsion injuries
  • Infectious / Inflammatory diseases
  • Vascular pathologies
  • Post op knee

ANKLE & FOOT

  • Fractures
  • Ligament & Tendon injuries
  • Impingement syndromes
  • Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Nerve related injuries & pathologies
  • Tarsal Coalition
  • Osteonecrosis of the foot and ankle
  • Diabetic Foot
  • Foreign Bodies

TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT

  • Normal anatomy
  • Internal derangement

3.     Imaging in trauma

  •  Acute Osseous Trauma
  • Impaction injuries
  • Radiographically Occult Fracture
  • Evulsion injuries
  • Insufficiency fractures
  • Fatigue fractures
  • Post-traumatic Osteolysis
  • Avulsion Fractures

4.     Imaging of focal lesions of bone and soft tissue

  • Bone & Soft Tissue Tumors
  • Post treatment evaluation of tumors

5.     Marrow pathology imaging

  • Normal marrow anatomy and function Marrow pathology
  • Post chemotherapy & radiation marrow changes
  • Miscellaneous Marrow Diseases

6.     Spine imaging

  • Degenerative disease
  • Spinal canal stenosis
  • Post- operative imaging Infections Neoplasms
  • Trauma
  • Vascular pathologies

7.     Imaging of peripheral nerves and plexus

  • Principles of nerve imaging
  • Normal imaging anatomy Pathologies of brachial plexus Pathologies of lumbosacral plexus
  • Pathologies of peripheral nerves of upper and lower limb

8.     Arthritis imaging

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis Gout
  • Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Deposition Hemophilia
  • Amyloid Tumors
  • Synovial Chondromatosis
  • Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis

9.     Wholebody MRI

Basic Competencies

  • Patient Care
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Interpersonal & Communication Skills
  • Professionalism

Recommended list of Text books & Journals

Fellowship in Onco radiology – Diagnostic

  • Qualification: MDRD / DNB / DMRD
  • Number of seats: 2
  • Course Duration: 6 months / 1 year (Accredited by The Tamilnadu Dr.MGR Medical University)
  • Course Fee: Rs. 1,00,000 (Rupees one lakh only)
  • Stipend: Rs 50000 / per month
  • Training timings: 8.00 AM to 6.00PM
  • Location: Chennai
  • Attendance requirement: 90%
Last date for submitting Application Entrance test and interview Course commences on
- - -
Email: aarthi@aarthiscans.com

Contact:
Dr. Aarthi Govindarajan
Chief Radiologist & Director
aarthi@aarthiscans.com | 9940022447

The Fellow will have a rotation in the following areas:

  • USG
  • CT
  • MRI
  • PETCT

Introduction

This is an intensive one year course which involves oncological and non-oncological radiology participation in ultrasound, CT and fluoroscopy guided procedures as well as performing and interpreting oncological CT, MRI, ultrasound and PET CT studies. There is a 40% component of non-oncological imaging work which must also be done during this fellowship to keep in touch with routine diagnostic activities.

Responsibilities

  • Inform the patient about the entire procedure and administration of radiopharmaceutical
  • Determine and organize the appropriate tests and protocols
  • Adapt the protocols to the needs and condition of the patient.
  • Interpretation of the results according to the clinical information.
  • During postings he has to maintain log book, poster presentation, oral presentation in conferences and publish one paper in indexed journals.

Syllabus

A sound understanding of the basis of oncological imaging including:

  • The embryology, anatomy and pathophysiology of the major tumour-bearing organs.
  • The various tumour staging methods used for each major organ
  • Lymph node station and routes of lymph node spread from primary tumours.
  • Anatomical routes for the spread of common tumours.
  • The pathological processes of malignant disease.
  • Local, national and where appropriate, international imaging guidelines.
  • Methods of analyzing tumour response.

General oncological radiology

  • Expertise in plain radiographic assessment for staging and follow-up of tumours.
  • Knowledge of the indications for referral for cross-sectional imaging based on the plain film findings.
  • Expertise in recommending the most appropriate investigation.

CT

  • Detailed knowledge of tumour types appropriate for CT staging and follow-up
  • Detailed knowledge of the appropriate techniques for the examination and the assessment of different common cancers.
  • Knowledge of patterns of disease spread for common tumour types on CT which will lead to greater diagnostic accuracy and more appropriately tailored examinations.
  • Knowledge of the advantages of new developments in CT such as multi-helical techniques in cancer management, eg. Three-dimensional imaging, multi-planar reformatting.
  • Expertise in biopsy techniques with a particular relevance to cancer, such as retroperitoneal biopsy and pelvic side wall biopsy
  • Knowledge of requirements for CT planning in radiotherapy and the importance of diagnostic input.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  • Knowledge of the indications for MRI for staging, follow-up and reassessment of patients at the time of suspected relapse.
  • Knowledge of basic MRI techniques, findings and pitfalls in the diagnosis of those cancers frequently referred for imaging, eg. Pelvic cancers, head and neck cancer.
  • MR USG fusion technology for Brain Tumours and other malignancy.
  • Knowledge of the advances in MRI, which are relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients.

USG

  • Knowledge of the indications for US examinations in cancer patients and the relationship of US to CT / MRI / Nuclear Medicine for lesion detection, eg. Liver metastases.
  • Knowledge of advances in US imaging and techniques that have an application to cancer.

Nuclear Medicine

  • Understanding of the complementary role of plain radiography, MRI and CT to nuclear medicine in the evaluation of an equivocal diagnosis of metastases.
  • Detailed knowledge of indications for functional imaging techniques and expertise in image interpretation, eg. Thyroid cancer imaging.
  • Knowledge of advances in nuclear medicine, including positron emission tomography (PET/CT PET). A basic knowledge of the technique is required. Knowledge of the current and evolving indications for referral for PET / SPECT.

Basic Competencies

Core knowledge

  • Knowledge of oncological pathology and clinical practice relevant to clinical radiology.
  • Familiarity with tumour staging nomenclature.
  • Familiarity with the application of US, radionuclide investigations, CT and MRI, angiography and interventional techniques in oncological staging, and monitoring the response of tumours to therapy.
  • Familiarity with the radiological manifestations of complications which may occur in tumour management.

Core Skills

  • Reporting plain radiographs performed to assess tumours
  • Performing and reporting US, CT, MRI and radionuclide investigations in oncological staging and monitoring the response of tumours to therapy.
  • Performing image-guided biopsy of masses under US and CT guidance.
  • Tumour Ablation Therapy.

Recommended list of Text books & Journals

Fellowship in Fetal Medicine

  • Qualification: MDRD / DNB / DMRD
  • Number of seats: 6
  • Course Duration: 6 months
  • Course Fee: Rs. 1,00,000 (Rupees one lakh only)
  • Stipend: Rs 50000 / per month
  • Training timings: 8.00 AM to 6.00PM
  • Location: Chennai
  • Attendance requirement: 90%
Last date for submitting Application Entrance test and interview Course commences on
15th November 2022 15th November 2022 - 5th December 2022 15th December 2022
Email: aarthi@aarthiscans.com

Contact:

Mr. Venkatesh
Coordinator, Education Department
education@aarthiscan.com | 7824022259

Dr. Aarthi Govindarajan
Chief Radiologist & Director
aarthi@aarthiscans.com | 9940022447

Special features:

  • Hands on training sessions of obstetric ultrasounds
  • One to one exclusive mentor guidance in reporting
  • Lectures
  • Periodic assessment of performance
  • Article publications

Introduction

This is an intensive Six Months Course which involves Obstetric and non obstetric radiology Participation in diagnostic ultrasound Procedures as well as Performing and interpreting Obstetric Ultrasounds. There is 40% Component of non Obstetric imaging work which must also be done during this fellowship to keep in touch with routine diagnostic activities.

Responsibilities

  • Elaborate History taking and inform the patient about the procedure.
  • Determine and follow the checklist and protocols for all scanning procedures.
  • Maintenance of logbook, poster and oral presentations in conferences.

Syllabus

  • First trimester ultrasound
  • Nuchal translucency scan
  • TIFFA scan
  • Growth scans
  • Obstetric Doppler
  • Fetal echo
  • Knowledge and skills to be acquired by the students on completion of the course
  • To be confident in performing obstetric scans.
  • Diagnosis of fetal anomalies and further management.
  • To be familiar with the fetal cardiac abnormalities.

Basic Competencies

  • Patient Care
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Interpersonal & Communication Skills
  • Professionalism

Recommended list of Text books & Journals

B.Sc Radiography & Imaging Technology

  • Qualification: Class 12th with Science Group
  • Number of seats: 20
  • Course Duration: 3 Years
  • Course Fee: 75000
  • Stipend: 7500
  • Training timings: 9.00 AM to 7.00PM
  • Location: Tamilnadu | Hyderabad | Bangalore | Madurai | Delhi | Kolkata | Trivandrum
  • Attendance requirement: 90%
Last date for submitting Application Entrance test and interview Course commences on
- - -
Email: education@aarthiscan.com

Contact:

Mr. Manikandan

Incharge Person

95001 45882

Introduction

This is a 3-year undergraduate paramedical course with 1-year internship for students interested in medical field. Active participation of students in performing X-ray, CT, MRI, OPG, DEXA, CBCT scanning protocols. After completing the course, students can get placed in different jobs at private and government hospitals, clinics, and diagnostic labs.

Responsibilities

  • Elaborate History taking and inform the patient about the procedure.
  • Follow the checklist and protocols for all scanning procedures under the guidance of radiologists.
  • Maintenance of logbook.

Syllabus

Basic Competencies

  • Patient Care
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Interpersonal & Communication Skills
  • Professionalism

Recommended list of Text books & Journals